If you're reading this post, then I have two questions for you. Do you have a snake hole in your yard? How did you know it's a snake hole? Now, while many people are quick to answer the first question in the affirmative, especially if they find what they suspect to be a hole belonging to a snake, the second question proves to be trickier to answer. That's because most people don't know what a snake hole looks like. Just because snakes can be dangerous does not give you the license to always suspect them.
If you see a snake entering or coming out of a hole in your yard, that's the surest sign that it's a snake hole. If you haven't seen this sign, then it may not be a snake hole. Advice? It's always safe to work on the assumption that it may be a snake hole even if you're not sure - to stay out of what could possibly be harm's way.
One truism which we must appreciate before proceeding with this post is that snakes don't dig holes by themselves. So, if you have a snake hole in your yard, then it probably belonged to some mole, mouse, squirrel, groundhog, or other burrowing creature. Are snakes good displacers? We may want to claim so, given that the animals I just mentioned can be good feasts for snakes, and they won't waste even a single second if they see a snake around what they (rodents) consider their home. That said, I now want us to take a deep dive into this thing, snake holes.
As I have mentioned before, you have quite a number of potential culprits to think about when you find a hole in your home. In most cases, the holes will belong to rodents, such as those mentioned in the third paragraph. However, if you see a snake entering or leaving the hole, then you have every reason to believe that the snake is living there. This is the first and often one of the most reliable tip. But there are other tips too.
Presence of a shed skin: I can hardly think of any other animal that sheds its skin as often as a snake. By their nature, snakes shed their skin regularly, a process that enables them to rid themselves of parasites and dead cells. During this process, the snakes may apply various tricks, including rubbing themselves against the ground, rocks, or sticks so that the skin can peel off. So, if you find a snake's shed skin around a hole in your yard, then you could be right to suspect that your yard is home to a snake. But then, the shed skin of a snake is food for insects and rodents, so it may be eaten up as soon as its shed, and the eaters may not leave any traces at all. As such, the absence of the skin should not be sufficient reason to make you believe that there is no snake around. That takes us to the next tip.
Fecal matter: Snakes, just like other animals, do excrete feces. But how do you know that the feces belong to a snake, given that other animals too excrete fecal matter? Think about the diet of a snake. Does the feces contain traces of such things as insects and rodents? Is there anything like whitish substance at the end of the matter? Is the feces thick and pasty? If you're answering yes, then you may believe that you're dealing with a snake hole. But don't forget that the feces can biodegrade.
Getting Rid of Snake Holes and What to Think About
"I would cover the hall and install a fence first thing tomorrow morning." That's what one of my friends told me when I asked him what he would do if he found a snake hole in his yard. But to set the record straight, snakes do fear human beings, and they would take off when they see you. In most cases, snakes bite when their life is threatened. You don't have to be alarmed at the mere sight of a hole. But that doesn't mean you shouldn't be cautious.
If you have a snake hole in your yard, the best thing to do is to try and get rid of it, unless you're comfortable with snakes and you're sure it's not a poisonous snake. The best option would be to cover the hole. But you may want to also eradicate rodents in your yard so that they don't have to dig more holes. And, you can cap your efforts by installing a fence around your home so that snakes don't sneak in anymore. You can find a good fence at https://amzn.to/2RsazQJ; it works.
Covering the hall: So, do you just take your spade or shovel and begin filling the hole with soil? That's not the way to go about it. You must first of all ensure that the snake is not in the hole. That may mean you keep vigil, and this may take you some few hours. Once you're sure the snake has left the hole, you can proceed to fill it up with soil. When the snake comes back and finds that the hole is no more, it will relocate to another place, and you will have effectively dealt with the situation.
One thing to remember is to never try to get a snake out of it's hole. Snakes become irritated so easily, and they can attack you. If you can't wait to cover the hole, you can call your local wildlife service for help. Alternatively, you can take advantage of a professional exterminator. This professional will know the best solution to apply, subject to the laws in your country or state.
Precaution: Be in a protective gear when dealing with snake holes and don't try to place your hand in the hole.
Not all holes in your yard are inhabited by snakes; fact. Additionally, snake holes may not be an issue because snakes themselves are rarely dangerous; fact. But if you have them in your yard and want to get rid of them, then nothing stops you from doing that. Just be sure to apply the safest approach and follow what snake laws in your state stipulate.